Terms of Reference

What Is A Watershed?

A watershed is the area of land where all the water under it drains off and goes into the same body of water, whether it is a creek, river, marsh or ocean. Watersheds come in all sizes, a small watershed for a creek is part of a larger watershed for a river, which is also part of a larger watershed for a bay and so on.

What Is Surface Water?

Surface water is all the water above ground, which is found in rivers, ponds, lakes, and oceans.

What Is An Aquifer?

The Mattapoisett River aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing sands and gravels that are permeable, meaning the sand and gravels have small openings so liquids and gases can pass through. When rain or melted snow drains into the ground, the water fills the aquifer. This makes the aquifer act like a reservoir for ground water.

What Is Ground Water?

Ground water is the water found beneath the Earth’s surface (we know, why isn’t it called “underground water?!”). Ground water is important because it is where we get our water for drinking, agriculture business and household use. Every day, people in the United States use 77.5 billion gallons of ground water.